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Ebola Virus

Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with one of the Ebola virus species. Ebola can cause disease in humans and nonhuman primates.

The outbreak of the Ebola virus disease (Ebola) in West Africa and recent cases here in the United States are serious. While it is very unlikely that Ebola will become an epidemic in the United States, the Sonoma County Department of Health Services is monitoring the situation and working very closely with federal and state agencies, local health care providers, hospitals, emergency personnel, and neighboring counties to plan for a rapid, coordinated response in the unlikely event a case appears in our county.

Facts about Ebola Infographic from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Did you know?

  • There are only 3 countries with widespread transmission of Ebola – Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia.
  • In the United States, there have been only 2 localized transmission of Ebola.
  • There are have not been any cases of Ebola in Sonoma County or in California.
  • Ebola is not as contagious as more common viruses such as colds, influenza, and measles.
  • Ebola is only spread by direct contact with bodily fluids and does not spread through the air, water, or food.
  • Ebola symptoms are similar to flu symptoms and typically include fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, and lack of appetite.
  • Ebola does not spread from an infected person who does not have symptoms.
  • Ebola symptoms may appear anytime from 2 to 21 days after exposure to the virus, though 8 to 10 days is most common.

Unfortunately, as long as the epidemic continues in West Africa, there is a risk that sporadic cases will occur in US - either in travelers from those impacted countries or in relief workers returning home. These sporadic cases need to be rapidly identified and prevention measures instituted to ensure that the disease does not spread. The Sonoma County Department of Health Services is working closely with partners and we are prepared for a rapid and coordinated response.

As always, the Sonoma County Department of Health Services' mission and top priority is protecting the health and well-being of individuals and our communi

For Hospitals For the Public

PPE During Management of Patients with Ebola Virus in U.S. Hospitals
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Video: PPE - Respiratory Protection for Ebola
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Identify, Isolate, Inform: Emergency Department Evaluation and Management of Patients with Possible Ebola
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations for Hospitalized Patients
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Information on Cleaning and Decontamination
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Specimen Collection, Transport, Testing, and Submission for Persons Under Investigation for Ebola Virus Disease
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Guidance for Screening and Caring for Pregnant Women with Ebola in U.S. Hospitals
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Ebola Medical Waste Management
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

For EMS Providers

Air Medical Transport for Patients with Ebola Virus Disease
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

For Travelers

Traveler's Do's and Don'ts
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Travel - What You Need to Know
Source: World Health Organization.

Travel Advisory
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

What You Need to Know About Ebola
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Ebola: What you need to know if you live in the U.S.
Source: American Public Health Association.

How Ebola is Spread
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Cases of Ebola Diagnosed in the United States
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Ebola Outbreak Distribution Map
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

CDC in Action: 2014 Ebola Response
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

What is Contact Tracing? Stopping Ebola in its Tracks
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Ebola and Pets
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Ebola and Food Safety
Source: World Health Organization.

How to Talk to Your Children About Ebola
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Why Ebola is Not Likely to Become Airborne
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

For Healthcare Providers

Case Definition for Ebola Virus Disease
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Information on Cleaning and Decontamination
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Video: PPE During Management of Patients with Ebola Virus in U.S. Hospitals
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Ebola Medical Waste Management
Source: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.