Owners/operators of aboveground petroleum storage tanks must obtain permit approval prior to installation, may be required to file a Hazardous Materials Business Plan (HMBP), and may be required to implement a Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) plan according to the Aboveground Petroleum Storage Act (APSA) of 1990.
Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Plan (SPCC)
Owners/operators of facilities with aboveground storage capacity of 1,320 gallons or greater of petroleum-based liquid product (does not include liquid petroleum gas but does include gasoline, diesel fuel, waste oil) are required to develop and maintain a SPCC plan. Any facility currently without a SPCC plan are in violation and may be subject to fines and/or permit revocation.
A SPCC plan must be prepared in accordance with the oil pollution prevention guidelines in the Federal Code of Regulations (40 CFR, 112). This plan must include procedures, methods, and equipment at the facility to prevent discharges of petroleum from reaching navigable waters. Exceptions to this rule include farms, nurseries, logging and construction sites if these businesses have a total storage capacity of less than 100,000 gallons or if the individual storage tanks are less than 20,000 gallons.
There are three tiers of SPCC requirements for preparation.