The most common concern for child safety. The child has suffered or is at risk of serious physical harm or illness as a result of the failure or inability of a parent or guardian to:
- adequately supervise or protect the child
- adequately supervise or protect the child from the conduct of a paid or unpaid caregiver
- provide the child with adequate food, clothing, shelter or medical treatment
The child has suffered, or there is a substantial risk that the child will suffer, serious physical harm inflicted non-accidentally upon the child by the child's parent or guardian.
Sexual abuse is when a child has been a victim of sexual assault or exploitation.
- Examples of assault include: sex acts with children, child molestation and intentional masturbation in presence of child.
- Examples of sexual exploitation include: preparing, selling or distributing pornographic materials involving children, performances involving obscene sexual conduct and child trafficking.
The child is suffering serious emotional damage or is at risk of suffering serious emotional damage due to the conduct of the parent or guardian.
Parents may desert a child without supervision, support or communication, or give up their parental rights because the no longer intend to care for the child.
Learn the warning signs of each type of abuse and neglect.