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Sonoma County Cannabis Program

Personal Cannabis Cultivation & Use

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Personal Cultivation

  • Who?
  • How Much?
  • Where?
  • How?
  • County Ordinance

Personal Use

  • Who can use Cannabis?
  • Who can sell Cannabis?
  • Where is Cannabis Use Allowed?
  • Where and How is Cannabis Use Limited or Prohibited?

Personal Cultivation

Who?

 Medical:Any patient or caregiver with a recommendation for medical cannabis. The cannabis cannot be sold or distributed.
 Non-Medical:Any adult over the age of 21 years old. The cannabis cannot be sold.

How Much?

Up to 100 square feet grow area per residence.

 Medical:There is no limit on the number of plants grown for medical use.
 Non-Medical:No more than 6 plants.

Where?

Personal cultivation must take place at the person's, patient’s or caregiver’s full-time residence.

 Outdoor:
  • Plants cannot be located in the front or side yard setback areas and cannot be visible from public streets or walkways.
  • Outdoor growing is not allowed in multi-family units or in the medium and high density residential zones (R2 and R3).
 Indoor and Mixed-Light:
  • Indoor grows must be in an accessory structure, like a greenhouse or garage. Growing inside a residential structure is not allowed, unless there is no feasible alternative.
  • Structures cannot be in the front and side yard setback areas and must comply with setback requirements.
  • Greenhouses must be screened from public streets or walkways, and there should not be exterior evidence of cultivation.

How?

  • Permits are not required for personal cultivation
    • Cultivation for medical use requires…
  • All structures should be legally built with all applicable permits (e.g. Building, Grading, Well & Septic).
  • Limit access with locking doors or gates.
  • Equip structures with odor control filtration and ventilation systems.
  • Lights should be shielded and confined to the inside of the structure.
  • Generators are not allowed.
  • Comply with the Agriculture, Weights and & Measures Best Management Practices for cannabis cultivation

County Ordinance

Download the Personal Cultivation Ordinance
(PDF: 75 kB)

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Personal Use

Who can use Cannabis?

Medical:“Qualified” patients can use cannabis. A qualified patient is an individual with a serious medical condition who has either a current written recommendation from their physician or a state issued medical cannabis identification card. Physician recommendations and medical cannabis identification cards must be renewed annually.
Non-Medical:Any adult over the age of 21 years old.

Who can sell Cannabis?

Only licensed dispensaries can sell cannabis or cannabis products. Individuals cannot sell or distribute cannabis.

Where is Cannabis Use Allowed?

Where cannabis can be used depends on whether or not it being used for medical purposes or for non-medical use. Most often, cannabis use is limited to private property or a private residence. Laws will vary by jurisdiction and may be different in the incorporated cities versus unincorporated county.

Where and How is Cannabis Use Limited or Prohibited?

Adult UseMedical Use
Public PlacesSmoking, vaping or ingesting cannabis or cannabis products is prohibited in any public placeUse of medical cannabis or medical cannabis products in public is not strictly prohibited but should be discrete.
Where Smoking is ProhibitedSmoking or vaping cannabis or cannabis products is prohibited wherever smoking tobacco is prohibitedSmoking or vaping medical cannabis or medical cannabis products is prohibited wherever smoking is prohibited
At Schools, Daycare Centers or Youth CentersPossessing, smoking, vaping or ingesting cannabis or cannabis products is prohibited at these sites.Smoking or vaping medical cannabis or medical cannabis products is prohibited on the grounds of schools, recreation centers and youth centers.
Near Schools, Daycare Centers, Youth CentersSmoking or vaping cannabis or cannabis products within 1000 ft. of a school, day care center, or youth center is prohibited unless it on or upon the grounds of a private residence and not detectable by others on the grounds of the school, daycare or youth center.Smoking or vaping medical cannabis or medical cannabis products is prohibited within 1000 ft. of a school, recreation center or youth center unless it is within a residence.
While DrivingDriving under the influence of cannabis is prohibited.Driving under the influence of cannabis is prohibited.
In Vehicles and Other Transportation Possessing an open container or package of cannabis or cannabis products while driving, operating, riding in the passenger seat or compartment of a motor vehicle, boat, vessel or aircraft is prohibited. Smoking, vaping or ingesting cannabis or cannabis products while driving or riding in any of the above are also prohibited.Smoking or vaping medical cannabis or medical cannabis products is prohibited on a school bus, while in a motor vehicle that is being operated and while operating a boat.
WorkplaceSmoking and vaping are prohibited in most workplaces; this applies to smoking or vaping of cannabis or cannabis products as well. Employers are not required to accommodate use or allow possession at the workplace. Employers may have policies prohibiting any use by employees or prospective employees.Smoking or vaping is prohibited in most workplaces; this applies to smoking of medical cannabis or medical cannabis products as well. Employers are not required to accommodate use or allow possession at the workplace. Employers may have policies prohibiting any use by employees or prospective employees.
Governmental PropertyState and local agencies may prohibit or restrict possession, smoking, vaping or ingesting within a building owned, leased or occupied by that agency.State and local agencies may prohibit or restrict possession, smoking, vaping or ingesting within a building owned, leased or occupied by that agency.
Private PropertyIndividuals and private entities may prohibit or restrict possession, smoking or ingestion of cannabis or cannabis products on their property.Individuals and private entities may prohibit or restrict possession, smoking or ingestion of medical cannabis or medical cannabis products on their property.
Manufacturing Cannabis ProductsIndividuals are not allowed to manufacture cannabis products for personal use using volatile solvents.Individuals are not allowed to manufacture cannabis products for personal use using volatile solvents.

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Medical Marijuana ID Card Programs

Sonoma County Medical Marijuana ID Card Program
Sonoma County Department of Health Services.

Medical Marijuana ID Card Program
California Department of Public Health.

Find My Property's Zoning

Learn More

Zoning Map

Instructions for finding your zoning by address or parcel number.

 

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